Keynote Speakers

Thomas List is professor and chairman, at the Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function; and director for Postgraduate and Continuing Dental Education at Malmö University, Sweden. His research encompasses epidemiological studies of TMD in adults and adolescents; clinical investigations into diagnosis and mechanisms of TMD and orofacial pain; and intervention studies to evaluate the pain-relieving effect of pharmacological, physical, and biobehavioral therapies in orofacial pain. He has published more than 140 articles or book chapters and serves as an expert on several international and national research and health technology assessment committees.

Dr Thomas List

Abstract: TMD-related Headache and Orofacial Pain.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) is an umbrella term for pain and dysfunction involving the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) and is the most common orofacial pain condition. Prominent features are regional pain in the face and preauricular area, limitations in jaw movements, and noise from the TMJs during jaw movements. TMD affects up to 15% of adults, with a peak incidence at 20 to 40 years of age. Chronic pain is the overwhelming reason for patients with TMD treatment. TMD can be associated with impaired general health, depression and other psychological disabilities and affect quality of life and well-being of the patent.

The recently published Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) have been found to be reliable and valid. These criteria include the most common types of TMDs including pain-related disorders, such as myofascial pain, headache attributed to TMD, arthralgia, as well as disorders associated with the TMJ, primarily disc displacements and degenerative disease.

Co-morbid pain conditions such as headache, back and neck pain are common among TMD patients. Of these headache is most commonly reported, and a significant overlap between headache and TMD-pain has been reported. Both conditions involve trigeminal neural processes, are characterized by pain in the head and/or face and pericranial tenderness.  The primary utility of the DC/TMD diagnosis headache attributed to TMD), is that it points to TMD treatment as a therapeutic approach for headache.

Most patients with TMD improve with a combination of noninvasive therapies, including behavior therapy, pharmacotherapy, physical therapy, and occlusal appliances.




Dr Amar Sholapurkar, is an academician, dental practitioner and heading /coordinating the Oral Radiology sectionat College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University(JCU), Cairns. Australia. He is also a specialist Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologist approved by the Queensland Radiation health, Australia. He completed his Mastersin Oral Medicine and Radiology at Manipal University, India. He has received accreditation (from the Queensland Radiation health) for both Postgraduate and undergraduate Extraoral Radiography licensing course and is running the above courses at the JCU. He has published more than 40 articles in national and international peer reviewed dental journals; have contributed 11 chapters in book and have extensive conference presentations. He has published (edited) a book titled – “PUBLISH AND FLOURISH – A Practical Guide for effective scientific writing” and selected in the editorial board/peer review committee of about 6 Dental Journals. Furthermore, he has also delivered Guest lectures in Dental conventions/Continuing Professional Development activities in Australia. He is a regular contributor of challenging cases in the general dental literature, and has published numerous papers with the aim of increasing awareness of accurate diagnosis(both clinically and radiographically) of various lesions in the mouth.

Dr Amar Sholapurkar

Topic: Diagnosing everyday problems from everyday radiographs.

Abstract: Dental radiographs (including CBCT) have been a valuable diagnostic tool in the dentist’s armamentarium and are commonly being used in various dental practices across Australia. A successful and systematic approach to radiographic interpretation depends on thorough understanding of normal radiographic anatomy of the head and neck. Dental radiographs are very useful in evaluating the pathologies affecting the jaw bones and teeth, developmental disorders of jaws, foreign bodies, trauma, cysts and tumours etc. Soft tissue calcifications are relatively common and are detected on routine panoramic radiographs. Dental practitioners should be aware of all the above pathologies, especially those associated with systemic illnesses so that they can timely refer the patients to the respective specialists. Clinicians are responsible for reviewing the entire image, and when anomalies are detected, must determine the appropriate course of action. Advanced radiological or other examinations can be performed for comparison, periodic follow up, management and research purposes.Knowledge acquired through experience and keeping abreast of the literature is helpful when arriving at an accurate diagnosis. This presentation highlights variety of oral and dental pathologies (which are illustrated by classic examples and are exclusively Radiology related) that clinicians (in Australia)encounter.There are few brain teasing cases which resembled a wide variety of conditions that led to misdiagnosis both on clinical and radiological examination but turned out completely different on histopathological examination. The lecture will also outline the basic steps the clinicians must consider to continually refine their diagnostic skills and knowledge of anatomy in order to formulate a differential diagnosis.